|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The Arjan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the Zagros Mountains which belong to the Caucaus-Iranian Highlands. Both terrestrial and water habitats are represented in the biosphere reserve. Due to big elevation differences in the area, many different plant communities occur, such as halophytic vegetation around Lake Parishan and xerophilous forests in the mountains.
In 2000, 54,400 people lived in villages whereas 5,500 people lived as nomads. Although the inhabitants of the biosphere reserve belong to different families (Persian, Turkish and Lor), they all have the same religion (Islam, Shiite). They earn their livelihood mainly by agriculture, animal husbandry, carpet sewing and, in the transition area, also in industry.
Main problems of the biosphere reserve stem from land use changes for agricultural use, groundwater depletion, overgrazing and illegal hunting and fishing. Therefore, raising public awareness and the revision of license rights is a main task in the Arjan Biosphere Reserve.
|Major ecosystem type||Mixed mountain and highland systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Area around lake with Salsola spp., Kochia spp., Camphorosma spp. and Halocnemum spp.; forest remnants with Quercus persica; dry forest characterized by Quercus spp., Amygdalus spp., Crataegus spp., Prunus spp. etc.; steppe; freshwater marsh with Phragmites spp., Typha spp. and Juncus spp.|
|Location||29°28' to 29°43'N; 51°55' to 52°05'E|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+853 to +3,041|
|Administrative authorities||Department of the Environment|
|Last updated: 1/18/2001|