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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve is located at Lake Oromeeh in the north of Iran and belongs to the Caucasus-Iranian Highlands. Salt flats can be found around the lakeshore, whereas Pistachio forests and Artemisia steppe communities are characteristical on islands. Other habitats are wetlands, river estuaries and sandy soils and coasts. The lake has been designated as a National Park and as a Ramsar Site.
About 211,000 people live in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2000). Here, agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, handicrafts, apiculture, mining, business and industry play a major role. In the buffer zone, recreational activities, (eco)tourism, artemia harvesting, salt extraction and hunting are going on.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems with freshwater lakes
  Major habitats & land cover types   Pistachio forest (Pistacia atlantica) on islands; steppe dominated by Artemisia spp. on islands; salt flats around the lake shore; brackish marshes with rushes (Juncus spp.) and reeds (Phragmites communis); residential areas
  Location   3700' to 3812'N; 4440' to 4550'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   463,600
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,126 to +1,526
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment

Last updated: 18/01/2001

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