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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Mount Carmel BR
  General Description   The Mount Carmel massif is situated in the northwestern part of the country, rising from the Mediterranean Sea to about 500 meters above sea level. The mountain is rich in its biological, geological and geomorphologic diversity with contrasting landscapes, a mixture of agricultural areas and prehistoric and archaeological sites. Mount Carmel is mainly covered with Mediterranean oak shrubland (Quercus calliprinos) and locally some mixed pine (Pinus halepensis) forests. Its batha and garrigue vegetation as well as coastal zones are of special interest from a conservation point of view.
Most parts of the mountain have been long used by man, thus natural ecosystems have undergone overgrazing, cutting and burning for centuries. The marketing of local products and tourism (about 2 million visitors per year) are major economic activities in the biosphere reserve, providing income for its 200,000 inhabitants (1996). Several visitor centers offer excursions and educational programmes.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrubs
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mediterranean shrub-land forest dominated by Quercus calliprinos; mixed pine forest with Pinus halepensis; coastal plain and sea shore; woodland with Quercus ithaburensis and Ceratonia siliqua; agroecosystems; forestry ecosystems
  Location   3240'N; 3500'E (at central point)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   26,600
  Core area(s)   1,400
  Buffer zone(s)   18,500
  Transition area(s) when given   6,700
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +500
  Year designated   1996
  Administrative authorities   Nature and National Parks Protection Authority

Last updated: 29/01/2002

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