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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Situated about 100 km south of Rome on the Tyrrhenian coast, Circeo Biosphere Reserve represents a diversity of Mediterranean ecosystems. It comprises a plain forest located on a series of continental dunes, three coastal lakes, marshy areas and the calcareous massif of Mount Circeo (541 meters above sea level) as well as agriculture fields and pastures. The biosphere reserve partly overlaps with the Circeo National Park and includes a Ramsar site.
About 50 people, mostly farmers and fishermen, live in the biosphere reserve (1989). Due to its proximity to Rome, the area is a popular destination for tourists which causes some pressure on the ecosystem, in particular to coastal dunes. Another challenge of biosphere reserve management is do deal with the eutrophication and water pollution of the coastal lakes due to urban sewage and agricultural activities. Environmental education activities take place within the national park, where an ecomuseum provides information to visitors.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Deciduous oak woodland dominated by pedunculate oak (Quercus pedunculata), turkey oak (Q. cerris) and Hungarian oak (Q. frainetto) together with caucasian ash (Fraxinus oxycarpa), common alder (Alnus glutinosa) and English elm (Ulmus procera); Mediterranean type vegetation including holm oak (Q. ilex) with undergrowth Pistacia lentiscus, Phillyrea latifolia and Erica arborea; marshlands with caucasian ash, grey willow (Salix cencerea), pedunculate oak and alder; anthropic vegetation with pine, eucalyptus and poplar groves; lakes; coastal dunes; agroecosystems with water melon, tomatoes, paprika etc.
  Location   4120'N; 1335'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   8,500
  Core area(s)   3,200
  Buffer zone(s)   ~2800
  Transition area(s) when given   2,500
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +54
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Ministero Delle Risorse Agricole, Alimentari e Forestali Gestione Ex A.S.F.D.

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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