|Biosphere Reserve Information|
VALLE DEL TICINO
© Photo: Valle del Ticino BR
The Valle del Ticino is a ‘riverscape’ biosphere reserve along the Ticino River in the north of Italy, situated at the meeting place of the culturally rich regions Lombardy and Piedmont. It represents an important ecological corridor within the urbanized and industrialized Po plain. The site encompasses a mosaic of ecosystems with large river habitats, wetlands, riparian woods and patches of primary plain forest which covered the entire valley during Roman colonization. At the same time, the area is characterized by its traditional rural landscape with semi-natural ecosystems with paddy rice, cornfields, permanent grasslands and ‘marcita’ (water-meadow).
432,700 people live in the biosphere reserve (1999) who are mainly engaged in services and industry. With the ‘tool’ of the designation as biosphere reserve, management of the area aims at calibrating economic activities so that the conservation of this cultural landscape with its rich history is ensured in cooperation with local communities. Rural communities are hoped to benefit from increased sustainable uses of the area such as ecotourism and recreational activities, environmental education and training. Within the Ticino Lombardo and Ticino Piemontese natural parks, visitor centers and information, point walking trails and cycling paths have been created. The cycling paths run for more than 100 km and touch on places of natural interest. These activities are carried out by Parks in collaboration with environmental associations of the two regions.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Mesophilous/mesohygrophilous woodlands (Fraxino-carpinion) characterized by Quercus robur, Carpinus betulus, Populus alba, P. nigra, Fraxinus ornus etc.; mesophilous woodlands (Quercion robori-petraeae) and Pinus sylvestris woods including Alnus incana, Betula pendula, Castanea sativa, Fraxinus excelsior etc.; hygrophilous woodlands and wetlands (Alno-Ulmion, Alnion glutinoso-incanae, Salicion albae) with Alnus glutinosa, Carex elata, C. gracilis, C. riparia, Calamagrostis canescens etc.; moorland (Calluno-genistion) / brushy heathland characterized by Calluna vulgaris, Cytisus scoparius, Pinus sylvestris, Sphagnum sp. etc.; cultivated lands with Daucus carota, Asparagus acutifolius, Avena sterilis, Malus sylvestris etc.|
45°06'21'' to 45°46'38''N; 08°34'53'' to 09°16'19''E
45°27'53'' N; 08°53'03''E (central point)
|Transition area(s) when given||51,527|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+56 to +193|
|Administrative authorities||Lombardy: Consorzio 'Parco Regionale Valle del Ticino'; Piedmont: Ente di gestione del parco naturale Valle del Ticino|
|Last updated: 14/03/2005|