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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Arrecife Alacranes forms the largest coral structure of the Gulf of Mexico. It is also the only known and described coral reef of the state of Yucatan. Most of the reef has been built by the calcification of overlapping colonies of various species of corals for thousands of years. The dynamic rise of the islands and their constant change due to storms and tides contributes to the dynamics of the vegetation distribution and cover. The Arrecife Alacranes has high biodiversity and great potential for fishing. It is an important area of preservation of germplasm of many endangered, endemic and other species that are useful to humans. The vegetation of the islands consists of species of mangrove and coastal dunes. The Arrecife Alacranes is also considered important cultural heritage for its stranded boats, buildings and the lighthouse which are historic monuments. The site is of great importance for the coastal communities as a source of food and marine products for local, national and international trade, as well as for recreation and domestic and foreign tourism with high potential for generating jobs for ecotourism activities.
  Major ecosystem type   coral reef
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   22 21’ 45’’ and 22 34’ 55’ latitud N and 89 36’ 47’’ and 89 47’ 53’’ longitud W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   333,768
  Core area(s)   31, 670.09
  Buffer zone(s)   302, 098.41
  Transition area(s) when given   553,506
  Altitude (metres above sea level)  
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP-SEMARNAT)

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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