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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Peru

NOROESTE

 
       
  General Description   The Noroeste Biosphere Reserve is located on the northern coast of Peru in the Tumbes and Piura departments. The area covers part of the Ecuadorian dry forest in the tropical Pacific forest with high biodiversity in flora and fauna. The reserve also includes the ‘Cerros de Amotape’ National Park, the ‘Coto de Caza El Angolo’ and the national forest of Tumbes. Its relief is very varied, and it is covered by formations of matorral, very dry forest, dry and tropical submontane forest, with (Prosopis juliflora), (Bombax sp.), (Tillandsia sp.), and mangroves of Tumbes. It also contains endangered fauna species as Crocodylus acutus, iguanas (Iguana iguana), birds as the Vultur gryphus, Sarcoramphus papa, and Burhinus superciliaris, and mammals as Odocoileus virginianus, Tayassu tajacu, and Felis concolor. Over 480 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve, engaged in agriculture, cattle raising and tourism mainly in the buffer zones, which generates the principal income and benefits to local communities. In 1997, some 1,200 tourists visited the area. However, very little income is generated through natural tourism (guiding, handicrafts, hotel and restaurant). Some of the principal problems in the area are extensive cattle raising, timbering and illegal hunting. The main goal of the biosphere reserve is to protect ecosystems and important endangered forest fauna and flora species. Environmental education efforts have been supported as well as conservation and research on natural resources.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical dry or deciduous forests
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mountainous tropical forest with Prosopis sp., Cordia lutea, Acacia macracantha, Caesalpinia paipai etc.; tropical very dry forest including species such as Tillandsia usneoides, Ceiba sp., Bombax discolor, Bursera graveolens etc.; pre-mountainous tropical forest characterized by Tabebuia chrysantha, T. billbergii, Ceiba sp. etc.; tropical dry forest dominated by Triplaris peruviana and Ochroma sp.; agroecosystems; pasture land
  Location   03°24' to 04°53'S; 80°09' to 81°19'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   231,402
  Core area(s)   91,300
  Buffer zone(s)   140,102
  Transition area(s) when given   -
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +60 to +1,640
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Insituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales (INRENA)


Last updated: 1/12/2011

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