|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Lukajno Lake Biosphere Reserve is located 5 km east of the town of Mikolajki in the Masurian Lakes region in north-east Poland. This shallow freshwater lake of glacial origin is surrounded by marshes and meadows and is connected with nearby Sniardwy Lake by a channel. Already in 1937, Lukajno Lake was put under protection due to its large number of occurring mute swans (Cygnus olor). In 1977, it was designated as Ramsar site, being a wetland of international importance. Waterfowls on passage include Netta rufina, Aythya nyroca and Fulica atra. Breeding waterfowls include Podiceps cristatus, Botaurus stellaris and Porzana porzana. The site also provides an important feeding area for several raptors, including the threatened Haliaeetus albicilla.
Faunistic and ecological studies are carried out in and surrounding the biosphere reserve, for instance on population dynamics and landscape changes. At the field station of the University of Warsaw, located at the lakeshore, students learn about the lake ecosystem and conferences take place here. Lukajno Lake Biosphere Reserve is also a popular destination for tourists and is especially known among ornithologists.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands / freshwater lake and wetlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Lake (average depth 0.6 m, maximum depth 3.0 m) habitat; submerged vegetation communities with Charetum aculeolatae, C. contrariae, C.asperae and C. tomentosae; wetlands with rare species such as Callitriche verna, Stellaria palustris, Triglochin palustre etc.|
|Buffer zone(s)||700 (given 1999)|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+115|
|Administrative authorities||Mazurski Park Krajobrazowy (Masurian Landscape Park)|
|Last updated: 09/03/2005|