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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Poland

PUSZCZA KAMPINOSKA

 
       
  General Description   Located in the European lowlands in the north-east of Warsaw and parallel to the valley of the Wisla River, this biosphere reserve is characterized by a high diversity of lowland habitats with dune belts separated by swamp areas and a mixture of forest types (bog-alder forest, ash-alder flood plain forest, pine-oak mixed forest and low oak-lime-hornbeam forest). The abundance of natural habitats allowed the successful reintroduction of elk (Alces alces) in 1951 and European beaver (Castor fiber) in 1980. A reintroduction project of lynx (Lynx lynx) started in 1992. The core area of the biosphere reserve includes the strictly preserved areas within the administrative boundaries of the Kampinos National Park.
73,000 people live within the boundaries of the biosphere reserve, mainly in villages in the transition area (1998). Agriculture and tourism are the main economic activities in the area. About 500,000 to 1,000,000 tourists visit the biosphere reserve each year to walk, ride and ski (1998). The core area and buffer zone are important for environmental education, given the large number of visitors from Warsaw and Lod.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Salicetum pentandro-cinareae habitats with Salix cinerea, S. pentandra, S. nigricans etc.; bog-alder forests dominated by Alnus glutinosa, Betula pubescens, Ribes nigrum etc.; ash-alder flood plain forests including Fraxinus excelsior, Alnus glutinosa, Ulmus laevis etc.; Salicetum triandro-viminalis habitats dominated by Salix spp.; willow-poplar flood plain forests with Populus alba, P. nigra, Salix alba, S. fragilis etc.; Ficario-Ulmetum campestris habitats; low oak-lime-hornbeam forest with Quercus robur, Tilia cordata and Carpinus betulus; Potentillo albae-Quercetum habitats; pine-oak mixed forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea and Q. robur; wet, mesic and dry oak-linden-hornbeam forest; bog, wet, mesic and dry pine forest; meadows; sand dunes with communities of Festuco pasmmophilae-Koelerietum galaucae and Spergulo morinori-Corynephoterum, marsches, heats, streams and channels.
  Location   5214' to 5226'N; 2012' to 2057'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   76,232
  Core area(s)   5,675
  Buffer zone(s)   ~31,969
  Transition area(s) when given   ~38,588
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +64 to +107,4
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Kampinos National Park Local Communities Mazovian Voivod - Government special administration organisation


Last updated: 3/9/2005

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