|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Jeju Island is situated in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and covers a lava plateau with a shield volcano at an elevation of 1,950 meters above sea level. The biosphere reserve is located at the center of the island, comprising in its core area Mt. Halla National Park, two stream corridors and three islets. A diversity of ecosystems are represented in the biosphere reserve, e.g. montane coniferous forest, temperate deciduous hardwood forest, warm-temperate evergreen hardwood forest and temperate grasslands. The three uninhabited islets are of great importance from a biodiversity point of view and also comprise coral communities. In the surrounding buffer zone of the islets, fishing and submarine tours take place. The buffer zone and transition area also include afforestation areas, agricultural fields, pasture land and residential areas. Human land use is increasing from the center of the island to the coast.
About 7,500 people within the Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve live mostly in the transition area (2002) and make their living from tourism, cattle-ranches and agriculture. The high biological diversity, unique volcanic topography and the culture of Jeju Island attract many tourists. Sustainable tourism development will be one of the main challenges for the biosphere reserve.
|Major ecosystem type||Sub-tropical and temperate rainforests|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Alpine coniferous forest dominated by Abies koreana and with Betula ermanii var. saitoana, Taxus cuspidata etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Mongolia oak (Quercus mongolica) and with Acer pseudosieboldianum, Carpinus laxiflora etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Carpinus laxiflora and with Acer pseudosieboldianum, Daphniphyllum macropodum etc.; temperate deciduous hardwood forest dominated by Quercus serrata and with Carpinus laxiflora, C. tschonoskii, Styrax japonica etc.; warm temperate evergreen hardwood forest (streamside vegetation) including Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii; warm temperate evergreen hardwood forest (island vegetation) with Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii, Camellia japonica, Daphniphyllum glaucescens etc; agricultural land; residential areas|
|Core area(s)||15,158 ha (of which marine: 32 ha)|
|Buffer zone(s)||14,601 ha (of which marine: 871 ha)|
|Transition area(s) when given||53,335 ha (of which marine: 1,420 ha)|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||-74 to +1,950|
|Administrative authorities||Jeju Provincial Government reporting to the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, the Cultural Properties Administration and the Forest Service|
|Last updated: 12/13/2007|