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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


Photo: Okskiy Biosphere Reserve
  General Description   This reserve is situated in the south-east of Moscow along the middle flow of the Oka River and is part of the Meschera lowland. It is situated at the junction of three biogeographic zones: the broad-leaved forest zone, comprising the biggest part, the taiga and the forest-steppe zone to the south. The biosphere reserve also comprises a Ramsar site, covering an extensive floodplain of lowland rivers, lakes and forested peatlands which provide habitat for many waterfowls and waders. In the buffer zone of the reserve, traditional natural resource use (e.g. wood processing, hay harvesting, cattle raising, berry and mushrooms gathering) is carried out by some 9,000 people (2002). Within the area, there is a European Bison Breeding Center, established in 1959, and a Crane Breeding Center founded in 1979. The new generations of Bison (about 300) and Siberian Crane (around 80) from both Centers will be released into nature. The biosphere reserve also hosts a library, the Menzbir Ornithological Society archives and a science data bank.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands (including mixed forests)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mixed pine forests (Pinus sylvestris) with birch (Betula sp.), oak (Quercus robur) and alder (AInus glutinosa); oak forests with lime (Tilia cordata) and maple (Acer platanoides) in undergrowth; spruce (Picea sp.) forests; sphagnum bogs, and flood-plain meadows.
  Location   5440' to 5500'N; 4035' to 4101'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   77,193
  Core area(s)   22,604
  Buffer zone(s)   21,449
  Transition area(s) when given   33,140
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +80 to +200
  Year designated   1978
  Administrative authorities   Director of Okskiy Zapovednik reporting to the Federal Ministry of Natural Resources

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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