To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


Photo: Victor Chernyshov
  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated in the Manchurian-Japanese Mixed Forest biogeographical region in the far south-east of Russia. It comprises the complex system of the central eastern part of the Sikhote-Alin Mountain ranges and marine areas of the Japanese Sea. Main habitats of interest are pine-spruce woods with Rhododendron fauriei, meadow-birch-oak associations, steppe meadows and yew groves. The most characteristic mammals are the critically endangered Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), the Manchurian red deer (Cervus elaphus xanthopygus, the main prey of Amur tigers), Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus) and brown bear (Ursus arctos). The presence of these species was one reason for the designation of the area as a World Heritage site.
There are about 75,000 permanent residents plus 2,000 seasonal residents who all live in the transition area (1997). Their main economic activities are timber logging and processing, fishing, mining, chemical industry and metallurgy. The local population is included in the biosphere reserve management through consultations, meetings and discussions.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands (Mountain Manchurian Mixed Forest)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Oak (Quercus mongolica) forests; Korean(Pinus koraiensis) pine forests; Korean pine - deciduous (Populus ssp., Ulmus ssp., Fraxinus mandshurica etc.) forests; Korean pine - spruce (Picea ajanensis) forests; fir-spruce (Abies nephrolepis, Picea ajanensis) forests; larch (Larix dahurica) forests; birch (Betula plathyphila, B. costata) forests;
meadow-birch-oak association; rocky ecosystems (habitats of Naemorhedus caudatus); mountain tundra; sublittoral zone Sea of Japan
  Location   Main core area: 4449' to 4541'N; 13545' to 13635'E
Abrek unit: 4502' to 4509'N; 13639' to 13648'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   4,469,088
  Core area(s)   401,428 (of which aquatic: 2,900)
  Buffer zone(s)   67,660 (of which aquatic: 5110)
  Transition area(s) when given   4,000,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +1,600
  Year designated   1978
  Administrative authorities   Director of Sikhote-Alinskiy Zapovednik, reporting to the Russian Federation Ministry of Natural Resources

Last updated: 13/12/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO