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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Russian Federation

SOKHONDINSKIY


Photo: V.I. Yashnov
 
       
  General Description   Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve is situated 25 km north of the Mongolian border and occupies the isolated mountain massif of Sokhondo (2,508 meters above sea level) which is the highest part of the Khente-Chkoi plateau. Here, major rivers of the Baikal-Amur watershed have their source. Within the biosphere reserve, two biogeographic provinces meet: the East Siberian Taiga and Mongolian-Manchurian Steppe. There is a series of altitudinal vegetation belts with a steppe, taiga, alpine meadows and high mountain tundra.
About 6,000 people live in three settlements in the transition area (1997) who are mainly engaged in agriculture, forestry, cattle breeding, hunting and fishing. Poaching increased during the political transition period. A management plan of the biosphere reserve foresees measures such as the strict protection of the core area and buffer zone, fire protection, the establishment and support of experimental plots and the reparation of roads and shelters.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems (mountain larch taiga)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mountain steepe daurica type; light coniferous taiga with larch (Larix daurica) and pine (Pinus sylvestris); dark coniferous taiga formed of cedar (Pinus sibirica), spruce (Picea obovata) and fir (Abies sibirica); high mountain tundra with thickets of elfin cedar (Pinus pumila); alpine meadows
  Location   4928' to 4953'N; 11031' to 11129'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   347,000
  Core area(s)   211,000
  Buffer zone(s)   36,000
  Transition area(s) when given   100,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,100 to +2,500.5
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   Director of Sokhondinskiy Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology


Last updated: 12/13/2007

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