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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   Tsentral’nolesnoy Biosphere Reserve is located in the Kalinin Oblast' about 280 km north-west of Moscow. It is typical of the moraine landscape of the Central Russian Plain, consisting of southern-taiga forest and considerable areas of oligotrophic sphagnum bogs with elements of hypoarctic flora. Among the 51 mammal species are for example beaver Castor fiber, wolf Canis lupus and brown bear (Ursus arctos).
More than 200 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998) who are either employed in a Nature Reserve administration or are subsistence farmers. Main economic activities in the buffer zone are berry and mushroom gathering, recreation activities by tourists (450 national tourists per year, 1998) and selective cuttings. In the transition area, agricultural activities and large clearcuts take place. Some environmental education and training activities (seminars, excursions, etc.) are carried out within the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Southern taiga forests with mixed Norway spruce (Picea abies), fir, hazel (Corylus avellana) and lime (Tilia cordata), and with a ground flora of mosses, wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella), blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and cowberry (V. vitis-idaea); Sphagnum bogs
  Location   56°30'N; 32°52'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   70,508
  Core area(s)   24,447
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given   46,061
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +240 to +270
  Year designated   1985
  Administrative authorities   Director of Tsentral’nolesnoy Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee of Natural Resources and Ecology

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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