|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Chernyje Zemli Biosphere Reserve or ‘Black Land’ is situated in the Precaspian lowland and includes Manych Gudilo Lake which is also designated as Ramsar wetland. The lake is an important breeding site for a number of colonial shorebirds, such as Pelecanus crispus, Anser erythropus, Branta ruficollis and Oxyura leucocephala, all listed as globally threatened in the IUCN Red Data Book. Most of the lakeshores are used as pastures or contain some fishponds. Within the grassland area, the conservation of the Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is of special importance since its habitats have been largely destroyed with development activities in the surrounding semi-deserts and deserts.
About 1,400 people live within the biosphere reserve (1992) who are making their living from cattle breeding and irrigation agriculture cultivating crops, vegetables and melons. Constant long-term monitoring of the steppe ecosystem now provides information on the rehabilitation of the transformed vegetation cover within the biosphere reserve.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate grasslands / cold winter deserts and semideserts; salt lake|
|Major habitats & land cover types||
Chernyje Zemli unit: Desert with steppe features including feather grasses such as Stipa pennata, S.tirsa, hairy feather grass (S. capillata), and lessings feather grass (S. lessingiana) along with other steppe plants such as Festuca valesiaca and cord-rooted sedge (Carex humilis); sand desert with sagebrush or wormwood (Artemisia sp., A pauciflora and A. austriaca); agroecosystems with barley and wheat
Oz Manych-Guilo lake unit: Salt lake with Potamogeton pectinatus and Ruppia sp.
Main unit - Chernyje Zemli: 46°05'N; 42°20'E
Branch unit - Oz Manych-Guilo lake: 45°42'N; 42°50'E
|Core area(s)||121,901 - 94,301 - 27,600|
|Buffer zone(s)||201,000 - 156,000 - 45,000|
|Transition area(s) when given||210,000 - 210,000|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||-14 to -9|
|Administrative authorities||Director of Chernyje Zemli Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology|
|Last updated: 01/03/2007|