|Biosphere Reserve Information|
This is a cluster biosphere reserve consisting of five distinct units, covering a total of 284,300 hectares next to the Mongolian border. It has similar ecological characteristics to the Uvs Nuur Basin Biosphere Reserve in Mongolia but without the large lake: wetlands, large sand massifs, scattered dry steppe, rocky mountains, high altitude forests, tundra and alpine meadows. The climate is continental. As in Mongolia, local communities (about 3,000 people in the biosphere reserve in 1997) are essentially nomadic and live from cattle breeding.
The biosphere reserve contains one of the study sites of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme for global change research. Discussions are underway to create a single transboundary biosphere reserve.
|Major ecosystem type||Mixed mountain and highland systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Tundra with Kobresia bellardii, Betula nana, Ledum palustre etc.; dry steppes; mountain forests with Pinus sylvestris, Betula pubescens, Populus laurifolia etc.; bare rocks; glaciers; deserts|
49°45' to 50°29'N; 94°23' to 95°35'E (unit 1)
50°32' to 50°55'N; 94°09' to 94°46'E (unit 2)
50°18' to 50°36'N; 92°20' to 95°20'E (unit 3)
48°20'N; 91°19' to 91°41'E (unit 4)
50°50' to 51°10'N; 94°41' to 94°49'E (unit 5)
|Transition area(s) when given||Undefined area around each unit of cluster|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+700 to +4,096|
|Administrative authorities||Director of Ubsunorskaya Kotlovina Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology|
|Last updated: 13/12/2007|