|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Vodlozersky Biosphere Reserve is located in the extreme north-west of the country. Mid-latitude and northern taiga landscapes are preserved here and all kinds of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems typical for this zone are represented - boreal coniferous forests (spruce Picea abies, P. obovata and pine Pinus sylvestris), mires, lake and river ecosystems. The most important task for the Vodlozersky Biosphere Reserve is the improvement of the social and economic conditions of life for the local population along with conservation and development of traditional, ecologically safe kinds of nature management and land uses (fisheries, haymaking, pasture and arable lands).
Approximately 4,560 permanent residents (seasonally up to 5,600) live in the biosphere reserve (2001). The cultural heritage dates back to Mesolithic archaeological sites and to the 15th century when Russians started to colonize Vodlozerje which initiated the forming of an isolated cultural region in the Russian North. Apart from churches and chapels, also a very old cultural landscape and local customs have survived to date.
Within the biosphere reserve, scientific and ecological expeditions are conducted to study and inventory the nature diversity and territory resources. Monitoring of boreal, mire and aquatic species is also carried out. There are programmes on the revival of traditional land-use practices and cultural traditions. At present, the territory is a model for working out a strategy for tourism development as a promising branch of economy in Inega and Pudozg regions.
|Major ecosystem type||Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||North-taiga pine open wood shrubby forests characterized by Pinus sylvestris, Vaccinium myrtillus, Calluna vulgaris etc.; north-taiga spruce shrubby forests dominated by Picea abies, P. obovata, Pinus sylvestris etc.; middle-taiga greenmoss-blueberry-spruce forests including Picea abies, P. obovata, Dicranum sp. etc.; middle-taiga pine forests with lichen and greenmoss forests, including Pinus sylvestris, Betula pendula, B. pubescens etc.; upper oligotrophic sphagnum mires with ridges and pools characterized by Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Betula nana and Andromeda polifolium; agroecosystems; forestry systems|
62°07’ to 63°35’N; 36°15’ to 37°30’E
62°51’N; 36°52’E (central point)
|Transition area(s) when given||450,000|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+136 to +317|
|Administrative authorities||Management of Voldozersky National park- Biosphere Reserve 'Vodlozersky', reporting to the Federal Forest Service of the Russian Federation|
|Last updated: 01/03/2007|