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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   This Russian biosphere reserve is located in the middle section of the Volga River about 55 km south-west of the city Nizhni Novgorod. Part of the biosphere reserve, ‘Kama-Bakaldino Mires’, is designated as Ramsar wetland, representing the largest peatland complex to the south of the northern taiga zone in Europe. The biosphere reserve comprises large areas of pine forests recovering from logging activities and fires since the 1970s. Some fragments of old growth have been preserved. Within the biosphere reserve, logging, poaching and peat extraction is restricted.
After the closure of logging enterprises and some demographic transformation, the population decreased tremendously. Today, about 600 people live in the biosphere reserve (2002) who are employed by the Kerzhenski nature reserve, administrations and public services. Home gardening as well as selling cranberries provides important additional sources of income.
During the designation process of the biosphere reserve, consultations took place among the residents of the Rustai settlement. Following their recommendations, earlier planned areas have not been included into the biosphere reserve and the boundaries of the outer transition area were determined. Also during the preparation of the management plan, workshops were conducted with the participation of interested residents.
  Major ecosystem type   Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Pine forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris; bogs with Eriophorum vaginatum, Ledum palustre, Chamaedaphne calyculata etc.; broadleaf - spruce forests characterized by Picia abies, Betula pendula, B.pubescens, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula, Tilia cordata and Quercus robur; floodplain systems characterized by Alnus glutinosa, white birch and Salix cineria
  Location   56°30'N; 45°00'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   57,446
  Core area(s)   30,957
  Buffer zone(s)   10,660
  Transition area(s) when given   15,829
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +76.3 to +140.5
  Year designated   2002
  Administrative authorities   The Administration of the state nature reserve «Kerzhenski». The director of the biosphere reserve Nijegorodskoe Zavolje reporting to the Ministry of Nature resources of the Russian Federation

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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