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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Senegal

NIOKOLO-KOBA

 
       
  General Description   Situated in southeastern Senegal, Niokolo-Koba Biosphere Reserve straddles the border between the administrative regions of Senegal-Oriental and La Casamance, on the Gambia River and covers an area of 913,000 hectares. It is situated adjacent to the Badiar Biosphere Reserve in Guinea. Habitats include herbaceous savanna dominated by Andropogon gayanus, seasonally flooded grassland and dry forest, areas with bamboo, freshwater wetlands and gallery forests. Niokolo Koba Biosphere Reserve provides habitat for the Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus, the largest of the antelopes), elephants, chimpanzees, lions as well as many birds, reptiles and amphibians.
Rural communities surround the Niokolo Koba Park and form the transition area of the biosphere reserve. Here, major land uses are agriculture, pastoralism, honey gathering and craft activities. Some tourism also provides jobs for local people. A forest school has been established to train Senegalese and Guinean park rangers. The Niokolo Koba Biosphere reserve participates in the UNESCO-MAB/UNEP-GEF regional project on ‘Building Scientific and Technical Capacity for Effective Management and Sustainable Use of Dryland biodiversity in West African Biosphere Reserves’. Scientific and technical cooperation is very active with the Badiar Biosphere Reserve in Guinea.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical dry or deciduous forests including freshwater wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Herbaceous savanna dominated by Andropogon gayanus, occasionally associated with Panicum anabaptistum; seasonally flooded grassland composed of Paspalum orbiculare and Echinochloa sp.; dry forest characterized by Piliostigma thonningii, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Pericopsis africana etc.; valleys and plains with Vetiveria spp.; areas with bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica); river banks with Rotula aquatica, Hygrophila odora sp., Cyperus baikiei; freshwater wetlands; ravines and gallery forests with Raphia sudanica, Baissea multiflora and Nauclea latifolia.
  Location   12°30' to 13°20'N; 12°20' to 13°35'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   913,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +16 to + 311
  Year designated   1981
  Administrative authorities   Parc National du Niokolo-Koba La Direction des Parcs Nationaux


Last updated: 10/23/2007

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