|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The Dinder National Park was established already in 1935 and became a biosphere reserve in 1979. Situated along the border to Ethiopia, this biosphere reserve represents the tropical savanna and grassland ecosystems. It covers an area of about 650,000 hectares. The whole biosphere reserve is considered as a core area with rich flora and fauna. It serves as a vital habitat for terrestrial migratory species which spend the dry season in the park. The park’s extensive wetlands also provide refuge for a large number of migratory birds.
Only limited tourism is allowed. However, the number of mammals has greatly decreased in the last years, largely due to illegal hunting and farming.
About 7,200 people live within the biosphere reserve boundaries (2001). A recent project in Dinder National Park funded by the Global Environmental Facility aims to preserve biodiversity by encouraging species conservation and the sustainable use of resources through the integration of local communities in the utilization and management of natural resources. The project will develop and implement an integrated management plan, in partnership with the impoverished surrounding communities and with equitable sharing of conservation benefits. The fauna and flora of the park will receive protection and there are plans to re-introduce certain species which have died out in the area, such as the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus).
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical grasslands and savannas|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Acacia seyal-Balanites aegyptiaca woodlands with tall grasses including sorghum species and Combretum spp.; riverine forests characterized by Hyphaene thebaica, Acacia sieberiana, Tamarindus indica and Dalbergia melanoxylon; swampy areas and shallow lakes dominated by Ipomoea aquatica, Sorghum sudanensis, Cynadon dactylon and Echinochloa spp.; ox-bow lakes; agroecosystems; pasture land|
|Location||11°00' to 13°00'N; 34°30' to 36°00'E|
|Buffer zone(s)||Under revision|
|Transition area(s) when given||Under revision|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+700 to +800|
|Administrative authorities||Wildlife Conservation Department, Administrative unit at Galegn, reporting to the national administration of the Wildlife Conservation Department in Khartoum. Dinder National Park|
|Last updated: 8/7/2007|