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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Kristianstads Vattenrike is located in Skåne, the southernmost of Sweden’s provinces. The area includes the lower drainage basin of the River Helge å and the coastal waters of Hanöbukten Bay, which is part of the Baltic Sea. The distinctive morphology and geology of the area, the interface between lakes and running water and the brackish water of the Baltic Sea, and the variations in local climates have created unique conditions for a diversity of land cover types. Many of the values in this cultural landscape are a result of the long-term cultivation of the land, but there are also areas that serve as a refuge for biological values that are not predicated on human activity. At the heart of the area is an expanse of rich wetlands of international importance (Helgeån Ramsar Site). Other examples of biotopes include running water, broadleaf forests, sandy grasslands formerly managed under a rotational system of cultivation and fallow, inland and coastal dunes, wet and shoreline forests etc. The area consist of nature reserves, Natura 2000 sites and habitat protection areas as well as areas of national interest for the purposes of nature conservation, shore protection areas, forests with nature conservation agreements, and municipally- or state-owned nature conservation areas. The area includes 711 species that have been nationally red-listed and at least 22 species, including freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera), cod (Gadus morhua), pond bat (Myotis dasycneme), and white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) recorded on the IUCN Red List.

The biosphere reserve comprises the main part of the Municipality of Kristianstad and some parts of the sea area. The municipality has almost 75,000 residents. The town of Kristianstad, situated at the heart of the biosphere reserve, is a centre for commerce, service, trade and industry. Local industry is extremely varied, although the main focus is on foodstuffs and agriculture with ancillary industries. Together with public and civil administration, trade and services, this constitutes the main basis for employment in the area. There is also a Ecomuseum in the area with a stretch of countryside dotted with numerous visitor sites aimed to communicate via demonstration facilities and outdoor museums the values of the local aquatic environment, the threats it faces and the opportunities that exist to preserve, develop and expand these values.

The Ecomuseum/Biosphere Candidate Office serves as a platform for coordination and operational activities. There are plans to establish a Biosphere Reserve Office in the future that will fulfil the three functions of a biosphere reserve, as well as initiate, support and coordinate work related to ten proposed theme areas.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands; Wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Lakes and running water with alder (Alnus glutinósa), slender naiad (Najas flexilis), white water-lily (Nymphaea alba), amphibious bistort (Persicaria amphibia) etc.; Grazing pasture and hay meadows characterized by velvet bent (Agrostis canina), common bent (A. capillaris), meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis), marsh-marigold (Caltha palustris) etc.; Forests including beech forest (Fagus sylvatica), other deciduous forests with species such as wych elm (Ulmus glabra), ash (Fraxinus excelsior), or small leafed lime (Tilia cordata), alder forest (Alnus glutinosa) and other wet broadleaf forest, Riparian scrub with a variety of willow species (Salix spp.), pine forests with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and dwarf mountain pine (P. mugo), spruce forest with Norway spruce (Picea abies); Coastal ecosystems including landscapes of extensive sand dunes with marram (Ammophila arenaria), orache spp. (Atriplex spp.), sea rocket (Cakile maritima) etc.; Marine ecosystems with macroalgae such as Ectocarpus spp., Fucus vesiculosus, and F. serratus, and vascular plants such as fennel pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus), tasselweeds (Ruppia spp.), horned pondweed (Zannichellia palustris) and eelgrass (Zostera marina); Arable land with potato, beet, barley, rye, bread wheat, and carrot; Built-up areas including urban centre, residential and industrial areas.
  Location   56°01’57"N; 14°08’58"E (Central point)
56°10’26"N; 15°13’15"E (Northern limit)
55°56’13"N; 13°45’04"E (Western limit)
55°48’14"N; 13°58’42"E (Southern limit)
55°51’33"N; 14°28’42"E (Eastern limit)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   104,375
  Core area(s)   7179 (of which marine: 221)
  Buffer zone(s)   22899 (of which marine: 6715)
  Transition area(s) when given   74597 (of which marine: 6924)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -19 to +190
  Year designated   2005
  Administrative authorities   The Municipality of Kristianstad

Last updated: 10/04/2006

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