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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Entlebuch BR
  General Description   The Entlebuch Biosphere Reserve is located at the foot of the Alps in the central part of Switzerland. It covers some 39,000 hectares and reaches an altitude of 2,350 meters above sea level. Few regions in the country have natural and cultural landscapes that are as intact as those in Entlebuch. It includes peat bogs and raised bogs, alluvial and riverine forests, as well as complete cave systems, such as the Schrattenfluh and the Napf area.
There are some 17,000 people living in the area (2000) and the populations embarked in a highly participative approach in making the biosphere reserve proposal. Public meetings were held in the eight communities concerned, which approved the proposal with a vast majority. The inhabitants in Entlebuch aim at promoting regional products, cultivating natural resources (grass, wood, and landscape) and developing ecotourism. A project on monitoring the success of sustainable regional development is currently underway. It will develop aims and indicators for ecotourism, agriculture and forestry.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland system
  Major habitats & land cover types   Highland marshes characterized by Sphagnetum sp., Lycopodiella inundata, Scheuchzeria palustris, Carex sp. etc.; montane pine forests - forested peatlands charachterized by Pinus montana, Sphagnum sp., Cladonia sp., Carex sp. etc.; lowland marshes including Carex sp., Eriophorum sp., Juncus sp. and orchid species; karst with Caricetum ferrugineae, Seslerio-Caricetum sempevirentis and Caricetum firmae; alpine meadows with Caricetum ferrugineae, Seslerio-Caricetum sempervirentis, Caricetum firmae, Elynetum etc.; dry and semi-dry grasslands dominated by Bromus sp., Centaurea sp., Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Lotus corniculatus etc.; forest communities with Picea abies, Abies alba, Sorbus aucuparia and Vaccinium myrtillus; alluvial areas dominated by Salix sp. and Alnus incana; cultivated meadows including Arrhenatherum sp. and Trisetum sp. etc.; areas of human settlements with cultivated or exotic species; heathland communities including Juniperus communis, Rhododendron ferrugineum, R. hirsutum, Homogyne alpina etc.; Alnetum viridis communities including Alnus viridis, Adenostyles alliariae, Peucedanum ostruthium etc.; pasture lands for sheep, silviculture; plantation of exotic trees; agroecosystems with potatoes, and cereals; military zone
  Location   4647' to 4702'N; 0751' to 0810'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   39,659
  Core area(s)   3,301
  Buffer zone(s)   16,358
  Transition area(s) when given   20,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +600 to +2,350
  Year designated   2001
  Administrative authorities   Regional management - Direction du Reserve de Biosphere Entlebuch

Last updated: 03/03/2008

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