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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Djebel Chambi, the tallest mountain in Tunisia (1,544 meters above sea level) and an extension of the Atlas Mountains, is situated in the centre of the country. The park is part of the Mont de Tebessa forest massif that stretches between Kasserine and the Algerian frontier. There are no permanent rivers or streams in the park. Main habitats include mountainous areas with holm oak, Stipa spp. and Cotoneaster nummularia, pine forests (Pinus halepensis) with holm oak, juniper and Rosmarinus officinalis, steppe communities with Stipa tenacissima and agroecosystems with cereals. The area is one of the last refuges for the gazelle Gazella cuvieri.
About 8,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1999). They live from stock raising, extensive cereal agriculture, beekeeping and tree plantations. Especially in low elevated areas, habitats are threatened by overgrazing and fuel wood collection by locals. An eco-museum has been established for the environmental education of both tourists and locals.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate grasslands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mountainous habitats with holm oak (Quercus ilex), Stipa fontanesii, S. senecia, Sorbus aria, Cotoneaster nummularia etc.; pine (Pinus halepensis) forest with holm oak, juniper (Juniperus phoenicia), Rosmarinus officinalis and Globularia alypum; esparto grassland with Stipa tenacissima; agroecosystems with cereals
  Location   35°06'N; 08°43'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   43,723
  Core area(s)   6,723
  Buffer zone(s)   7,000
  Transition area(s) when given   30,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +700 to +1,544
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Ministère de l'Agriculture Direction générale des forêts

Last updated: 17/06/2002

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