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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated in the Gulf of Tunis close to the Cap-Bon peninsula. Zembra Island is a mountainous island with a peak of 435 meters, consisting mostly of a Mediterranean maquis with Olea europea, Pistacia lentiscus, Arbutus unedo and Erica multiflora as dominating species. The Zembretta Island is located between the Zembra Island and the Cap-Bon. This island is a large rock formation, 400 meters long and 50 meters wide, and characterized by halophytic vegetation.
The rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus is present on both islands although it does not occur on the African continent. In the waters, Delphinus delphis can frequently be observed. The area is rich in waterfowls and marine invertebrate life.
People have changed Zembra Island over many centuries, resulting in a degraded maquis landscape. However, today the area is strictly protected and no resource use takes place since only ten people live within the biosphere reserve (1999).
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrubs including marine/coastal component
  Major habitats & land cover types   Islands; shrub vegetation of pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus) and olive (Olea europaea); maquis consisting of pistachio, olive, Erica arborea and Calycotome villosa including rare species such as Iberis semperflorens, Dianthus hermaensis and Poterium spinosum; marine vegetation of red algae (Rhodophyceae), including Phyllophora nervosa and Chondrus crispus, brown algae (Phaeophycae), including Laminaria rodriguezii and Dictyota dichotoma, and green seaweeds including Udotea petiolata and Caulerpa prolifera
  Location   37°06'N; 10°48'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   791
  Core area(s)   550 (of which marine: 400)
  Buffer zone(s)   241
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -120 to +435
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Ministère de l'Agriculture Direction générale des forêts

Last updated: 17/06/2002

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