|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: Carpathian BR
Situated in the Eastern Carpathians, the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve comprises foothill oak-groves, mountain beech, mixed and spruce forests, pine-alder alpine elfin woodland, subalpine and alpine meadows, upland rocky-lichen landscapes. The largest massif of virgin beech forests in Europe (Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi massif) is protected in the biosphere reserve, as well as the Valley of Narcissi. Large predators such as bears, wolves and lynxes can still be found in the area. The biosphere reserve consists of eight detached massifs, situated on the mountain ranges of Chornohora (Chornohirskyi massif), Maramorosh (Maramoroskyi massif), Svydovets (Kuziy-Trybushanskyi and Svydovets massifs), Polonynskyi (Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi massif), Volcanic (Chorna hora and Yulivska hora), as well as in the Verkhniotysianska ulohovyna (Valley of Narcissi).
17 settlements are located within the biosphere reserve and about 100,000 people live in the area. Nearly 400 people live directly in the territory of the reserve, mainly engaged in animal husbandry and crop cultivation.
The biosphere reserve seeks to manage main nature conservation problems – renewal of the disturbed ecosystems to their natural state, regulation of cattle grazing with the aim of biocoenoses conservation of mountain meadows, illegal cuttings and poaching. One of the main tasks of the biosphere reserve is the preservation of cultural heritage and promotion of sustainable development in the region.
Considerable attention is given to environmental education and training. For this, the Museum of Mountains Ecology and History of Nature Use in the Ukrainian Carpathians, a collection site of the Carpathian flora and visitor centers were established in the area. The ecological magazine ’Green Carpathians’ is also published in the reserve. Besides, there is a scientific division in the reserve, conducting complex investigations of the Carpathian flora with the aim to work out recommendations for nature conservation and natural forestry management.
In 1998, for the first time in Ukraine, the European Diploma of the Council of Europe was awarded to the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The biosphere reserve is a member of international organisation ACANAP (Association of the Carpathian National Parks and Reserves). The Carpathians Biosphere Reserve keeps good contacts with many international organisations (WWF, IUCN, etc.) and foreign nature conservation and scientific institutions, in particular the Swiss Federal Institute for forest, snow and landscape research, the Beschady National Park (Poland), and ‘Bukk’ National Park (Hungary).
|Major ecosystem type||Mixed mountain and highland systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Virgin beech forest (Fagus sylvatica); silver fir (Abies alba) forest; mixed virgin forest consisting of oak (Quercus spp.), spruce (Picea spp.) and beech (Fagus spp.); sub-alpine and alpine communities; valley with narcissus (Narcissus angustifolius)|
|Transition area(s) when given||26,900|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+200 to +2,061|
|Administrative authorities||The reserve is directly subordinated by a special subdivision of the National Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. In general, the reserve is managed/ruled by a special administration, set by this Ministry|
|Last updated: 28/02/2007|