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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

United States of America

CENTRAL GULF COAST PLAIN

 
       
  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated on the coast of the northwestern part of the Florida Peninsula within the Apalachicola River floodplain. It comprises Apalachicola Bay which is one of the most productive estuarine systems in the northern hemisphere. There are typical estuarine and coastal formations with river channels, slough, backwaters, bay islands and swamp hardwood forests. The Apalachicola Basin has the highest species density of amphibians and reptiles in all of North America (north of Mexico).
The Apalachicola Reserve, which is part of the biosphere reserve, is involved in various research and monitoring projects. It is also active in resource management, particularly in land acquisition and a prescribed burning program to restore upland areas.
Increased demand for water by large upstream cities and agriculture now puts pressure on the floodplain ecosystem. People in the area make their living mainly from fishing industry and tourism.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   2944'N, 8458'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   16,402
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +5
  Year designated   1983
  Administrative authorities   Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration


Last updated: 3/11/2005

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