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      Biosphere Reserve Information

United States of America


  General Description   Bordered to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, this biosphere reserve is situated in the lower coastal plain in the Carolinian-South Atlantic region close to the city of Charleston. This biosphere reserve comprises several units (Yawkey Wildlife Center, Santee Coastal Reserve, Washoo Reserve, Capers island and Hobcaw Barony, Cape Romain Refuge) among which the Refuge makes up the biggest part. Habitats in the biosphere reserve comprise barrier islands, beach and sand dunes, salt marshes, maritime forests, tidal creeks, fresh and brackish water impoundments and open water areas. The area supports important habitats for many species, notably various waterfowls, brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and red wolf (Canis rufus).
The marshlands throughout the biosphere reserve have been modified by rice culture in the 19th century. Major land uses today, which need to be harmonized with nature conservation, are tourism, commercial and recreational fishing and boating.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broad-leaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   3050' to 3500'N; 7600' to 8135'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   125,545
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +20
  Year designated   1986
  Administrative authorities  

Last updated: 01/01/1992

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