|Biosphere Reserve Information|
NEW JERSEY PINELANDS
The New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve is situated in the urbanized northeastern United States and consists of a mosaic of upland, wetland and aquatic environments. Wildfires have been favoring a pygmy forest of pitch pine (Pinus rigida), blackjack, and scrub oaks. The wetlands provide suitable habitats for most of the rare and endangered plant and animal species of the region.
The pinelands have already been intensively used by man before the colonization. Resource-related industries dominated the early Colonial and post-Revolutionary period. Conventional agricultural activities continue to be found at the periphery of the region, while cranberry and blueberry agriculture is important economic enterprises in the central part. The cultivated blueberry was first established here early in this century.
The biosphere reserve was designated within the framework of the Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan and represents one of the first formal attempts at large-scale regional ecosystem management in the United States. In several ways, it represents a test case on whether multiple jurisdictions could come together and achieve an agreement to mitigate development impacts on regional ecosystems crossing jurisdictional boundaries. In order to examine the implementation of the biosphere reserve concept, a statistical analysis was used to assess claims that the plan has managed to direct growth and land cover change in a manner consistent with environmental objectives. The results indicate that the plan has indeed had a strong conservation effect in reducing conversion of natural areas in the biosphere reserve.
A Pinelands Research Council, representing academic and governmental organizations, has devised a plan to guide researchers and funding sources in priority research needs. A long-term ecological and economic monitoring programme has been developed to measure the effectiveness of the plan as it unfolds.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate broadleaf forest|
|Major habitats & land cover types|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||0 to +63|
|Administrative authorities||Pinelands National Reserve Pinelands Commission (complex ownership)|
|Last updated: 17/08/2000|