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      Biosphere Reserve Information

United States of America


  General Description   The Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve straddles the border of north-central New York and northwestern Vermont. Lake Champlain, the sixth largest lake in the United States, and the Adirondack and Green Mountains are the central features of the biosphere reserve. It includes extensive temperate coniferous and deciduous forests as well as large numbers of lakes, bogs, and freshwater wetlands. The primary goal of the Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve is to use education, research, and demonstration projects to encourage social and economic vitality and to preserve and improve the environmental health of the region.
The biosphere reserve and its outlying areas are inhabited by over 400,000 people (1994) and are within a day’s drive of 60 million people living in the U.S. and Canada. Forestry and tourism are the economic base in the Adirondack region on the New York side of Lake Champlain. The more diverse economy on the Vermont side of the lake is based on forestry, farming, tourism, light manufacturing, and production of specialty agricultural products.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   43°00' to 45°00'N; 73°15' to 73°30'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   3,990,000
  Core area(s)   960,000
  Buffer zone(s)   1,130,000
  Transition area(s) when given   1,900,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +29 to +1,629
  Year designated   1989
  Administrative authorities   Adirondack Park Agency; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; Vermont Agency of Natural Resources

Last updated: 13/02/2007

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