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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve covers the southwestern end of the Chatkal'skiy Range in the western Tien-Shan Mountains. Covering altitudes between 1,110 to 4,000 meters above sea level, Mount Chatkal Biosphere Reserve comprises a high habitat and species diversity. Habitats include mountain steppes, mountain forests, rocks, alpine meadows, river valleys and floodplain forests.
The site is famous from an archaeological point of view since it hosts ancient drawings dating back to 1000-2000 BC. Drawings of riders, houses and dogs indicate that people have inhabited the area since ancient times. Today, the biosphere reserve is not inhabited since human activities in the area ceased in 1947 with the establishment of the State Nature Reserve. Before that, the area was used for hunting, grazing and mineral prospecting. Today, some 25,000 people live in settlements close to the area (1999), making their living mainly from agriculture, cattle raising and gardening. The biosphere reserve is devoted to conservation and research and provides a research station, several field stations, museum facilities and a meteorological station.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Juniper (Juniperus turkestanica and J.semiglobosa) forest with Prunus sogdiana, Acer turkestanicum, Crataegus turkestanica and Malus kirghisorum; mountain steppe including groves of Pistacia vera; highland areas with herb and grass meadows; rocky habitats; mountain rivers
  Location   4108'N; 6959'E West Tien Shan; Chatkal Ridge
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   57,360
  Core area(s)   45,160
  Buffer zone(s)   12,200
  Transition area(s) when given   -
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,110 to +4,000
  Year designated   1978
  Administrative authorities   State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Last updated: 31/08/2001

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