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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   One of the most valuable roles of Macquarie Island Biosphere Reserve is in providing a remote platform in the Southern Ocean from which data are being gathered on a broad range disciplines. Many of the programs provide indirect data on the state of the regional and global environment with some having continuous records since 1948.
The following are current programs, or have been conducted within the past five years:
Atmospheric monitoring
Ionospheric monitoring
Geology, geochemistry and structure of oceanic crust
Geophysics, geomagnetic and seismological observations, co-ordinated magnetic observations during the STEP period
Meteorological station, it is one of the World Meteorology
Organisation's baseline stations for the calibration of the global satellite weather data
Observations of space plasma waves in Antarctica
Ozone measurements
Plate tectonic survey to measure the horizontal and vertical movements of the tectonic plates around Antarctica
Tidal recording station, part of a global network
Albatrosses, conservation and status of four species breeding at Macquarie Island
Ecosystem functioning with climatic warming (contributing to the ITEX program)
Elephant seal biology, collection of demographic data, energetics and foraging range
Exotic species impact and management
Fur seals, recovery and conservation, foraging ecology
Genetic diversity studies of selected subantarctic plants
Risk analysis and the development of measure to reduce accidental introductions of exotic species through human activities
Human impacts on indigenous wildlife (developing guidelines for tourist visits)
Human interactions with the antarctic environment
Systemic and mucosal immunity in antarctic expeditioners
As the main co-ordinator of the scientific program in the reserve the Australian Antarctic Division ( provides a clearing house and/or databases on many programs
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, climate, geology, geophysics, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, physical oceanography/oceans.
  Biodiversity   Alien/Invasive/Exotic/Introduced species, biology, birds, conservation, ecology, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, genetic resources, mammals, methodologies, plants, polar/arctic, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Human health, people-nature relations/man/nature, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, management issues.

Last updated: 01/12/2010

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