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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Costa Rica


  Brief description   In regards to abiotic factors, monitoring is done of seismology and volcanology in the areas of the Tenorio, Miravalles and Arenal volcanoes. In biological aspects, research is carried out by national scientists and foreigners within and outside of protected wildlife areas as in the example of the committees of the biological corridors existing in the region.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geology, habitat, hydrology, toxicology/toxic substances, uv radiation/solar radiation.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, biodiversity, biology, biotechnology, birds, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lagoon systems, mammals, mangrove, migrating populations/migration, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, temperate forest, tropical dry forest, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, aquaculture/mariculture, archaeology/paleontology, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, industry, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, mining, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, land tenure, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, rural systems, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities.

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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