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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   : The core areas have been established to protect the original vegetation types and ecosystems. The endangered mammals and their habitats, plants, geographical remnants and historic relics have also been considered. Due to the effects of the warm and moist air stream from the Indian Ocean on the Himalayas, the forest ecosystem types are very different in Pengqu, Rongxaqu, Boqu, Gyirongzangbu and Dougeerhe (from east to west). Therefore, five core areas have been selected respectively in the above regions. Due to the effects of the rain shadow of the Himalayas, the high elevation, cold and dry climate, the principle part of the Biosphere Reserve has a typical plateau continental climate. Two core areas has been selected in this kind of ecosystem, namely Qomolangma core area and Xixabangma core area. The buffer zones have been designed to protect the core areas from disturbance from human activities, giving enough room for the mammals. In these areas, many kinds of ecosystem also need conservation. Scientific research and monitoring, environmental education and ecotourism can be carried out here. The transition areas are designed to consider both the development needs of the local communities and the need for conservation.

Climatology monitoring and research; Plant research; Species inventorying; Protection measurements for rare and endangered fauna and flora species; Programme on socio-economic aspects.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Biotechnology, conservation, fauna, flora, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Social/Socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.

Last updated: 13/12/2007

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