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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Germany

WADDEN SEA AND HALLIG ISLANDS OF SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN

 
 
  Brief description   Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Programme (TMAP) with its implementation phase 1994-1997 and operation phase since 1997. Implementation of the Common Package in 1997 including all parameters that are important for the ecosystem.COSA (Coastal Sands as Biocatalytical Filters) Research carried out together with Polish, Dutch, Danish and German scientists.MINOS (Marine Warm-blooded animals in the North and Baltic Seas), applied research on porpoises, seals and seabirds in connection with the development of offshore wind parks.Socio-economic monitoring is carried out with relation to the National Park.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, erosion, geology, geomorphology, global change, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, meteorology, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography, toxicology/toxic substances, uv radiation/solar radiation.
  Biodiversity   Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, dune systems, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, mammals, methodologies, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, archaeology/paleontology, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, fishery/fisheries, indicators of sustainability, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, people-nature relations/man/nature, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, transboundary/transfrontiers, watershed studies/monitoring.


Last updated: 9/8/2005

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