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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   The two core areas, Nanda Devi National Park and the Valley of the Flowers National Par (World Heritage site), are securely protected for conservation of biodiversity, monitoring minimally disturbed ecosystems, and undertaking research and other low-impact uses such as ecotourism and education. The Valley of Flowers National Park is open for research and tourism. These areas represent a high diversity, endemism and representativeness. A well-defined buffer zone, which surrounds or adjoins the core area, comprises Reserve Forests and Community Forests. These are used for cooperative activities compatible with sound ecological practices, including environmental education, recreation and research. The transition area with 55 villages forms a “cushion” of the buffer zone and the same activities are taking place here as in the buffer zone.

Geology; Hydrology; Soil characteristics; Climatology; Biogeographic and environment hazard mapping in the high-altitude zones of the Himalaya; Designing, developing and testing sustainable natural resource management, models through participation of the local population; Studies on the structure, composition and changes of the vegetation; Regeneration of forest species in relation to canopy gaps; Ecological study of the entomofauna; Studies on biotic pressure - biodiversity - carrying capacity relationships in alpine meadows; Study on ecosystem dynamics; Studies of species and community responses to habitat alternation of the timberline zone; Inventorying, monitoring and conservation of aquatic biodiversity; Critical analysis of plant diversity with special reference to medicinal flora; Studies on animal habitat interactions; Management Information System for land use/land cover changes analysis in relation to conservation-oriented land use priorities; Study of socio-economic aspects for sustainable development; Inventory, commercial utilization and conservation of agro-biodiversity for sustainable development.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geology, geomorphology, habitat, hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, biodiversity, community studies/communities, conservation, ecology, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, fauna, flora, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, economically important species, livelihood measures, local participation, modelling, resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, land use/land cover, management issues, modelling, sustainable development/sustainable use.

Last updated: 03/04/2006

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