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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   The zonation aims at promoting conservation and compatible development, as defined for the different areas in the Regional Park Plan, which was approved in 1989. The core areas are natural reserves of great naturalistic importance in which only study, teaching, monitoring and re-naturalisation activities are allowed, under the supervision of the Park Scientific Committee. The buffer zones are wooded areas, strands and wetlands (plus agricultural areas of environmental reclamation) where low impact management activities are allowed (forestry, wetland maintenance, extensive organic or integrated agriculture) with the aim of protecting the core areas and at the same time providing operative examples of sustainable, natural management. The transition areas are agricultural areas, building renovation zones, strand reclamation zones, campsites etc., where traditional agricultural and tourist activities are carried out under the technical control of the Park organization.

Geology; Geomorphology; Hydrological studies; Plan for forestry management; In situ collection of mycorrhizal fungus in dune ecosystems for the conservation of genetic diversity; Mapping of lichens; Research and monitoring of the bittern (Botaurus stellaris) population; Icthyofauna management and monitoring of pike (Esox lucius) and carp (Cyprinus carpio); Monitoring of impacts of disturbance on fauna; Geobotanical and palynological studies; Identification of pathogenic agents of the American red prawn (Procambarus clarkij); Experimentation by means of enclosures in the Massaciuccoli Lake; Determining nesting and wintering bird populations; Research and monitoring of the freshwater turtle (Emys orbicularis) and other amphibious species; Research on the fallow deer (Dama dama) population; Veterinary research on animal health. Agricultural projects include for example: Studies on effects of rotation, nitrogen fertilization, and/or soil tillage techniques on different crops such as wheat, soya, maize; Application of tools for sustainable agricultural production; Studies on methods of organic agriculture; Comparison of fertilisers to check the effect on production, and on soil factors; Physical control of weed flora in spinach crop. The role of agroforestry resources and management of agro-ecosystems in trapping atmospheric CO2;; Trials in pelleting of different biomasses;; mMilk production in dairy breeds and Evaluation of sheep milk quality Socio-economic research include: Experimentation on construction material and component sustainability; Economic study on fee system for a regulated access in some natural areas: Study on social value of the San Rossore racecourse; Study for the creation of a “Park of the Music” near Lago di Massaciuccoli, on the musical value for the site; Study on traditional products such as pine kernals, and pecorino cheese and their importance to emphasize traditional activities, in order to increase their market value.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, geology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, biodiversity, birds, coastal/marine, conservation, dune systems, ecosystem assessment, fauna, fishes, flora, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, species inventorying/inventory, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, cultural aspects, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, forestry, monitoring methodologies, resource use, social/socio-economic aspects, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Interdisciplinary studies, management issues, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, sustainable development/sustainable use.

Last updated: 18/09/2007

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