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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   The first important researches developed in the Veracruzano Coral Reef System were carried out by Heilprin (1891) scientific studies that reports eleven coral species for this system; Alexander Von Humboldt’s political essay about the “Nova España” describes how the port inhabitants of Veracruz used mucar stone of madreporic origin to build their houses. Subsequently, a growing number of several scientific researches in this zone has been carried out. Amongst these, we can mention those undetaken by: Moore (1958), Kornicker et. al. (1959), Emery (1963), Rannefel (1972), Jordan (1980), Castañares and Soto (1982), Yedid (1982) among others. It is important to note that not until 30 years ago and only after Emery´s research in 1963 who studied the geology, the topography and the sediments of this area, researches were renewed. Currently, a monitoring of coral reef species as well as research projects are being carried out by several universities. This area is under monitoring and permanent surveillance by the national park rangers.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, climate, contaminants, geomorphology, heavy metals, physical oceanography/oceans, siltation/sedimentation.
  Biodiversity   Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, benthos, biodiversity, biology, birds, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, coral reefs, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, plankton, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Capacity building, economic studies, economically important species, fishery/fisheries, indicators of sustainability, modelling, resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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