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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   The island of Graciosa has served, for over a decade now, as an experimental laboratory for biodiversity conservation and, due to the islands unique natural characteristics, is frequently visited by national and international scientific expeditions. Past and ongoing experiments in resource management, eradication of introduced species and natural habitat restoration, as well as, the existing infrastructures, contribute to the proposed
Biosphere Reserve as being an ideal site for executing research projects, natural resource demonstrative and management actions and for training researches and technicians in the field.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, global change, habitat, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, physical oceanography/oceans, speleology, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, ethology, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, fishes, flora, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lagoon systems, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, indicators of sustainability, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, watershed studies/monitoring.

Last updated: 26/11/2007

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