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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   The core areas integrate those areas that have the greater values from different points of view: fundamentally for their physiography, geomorphology, flora and fauna, and landscape. The buffer zones surround the core areas, serving as protection against the more intensive human practices in the transition areas, where the human settlements are located and the most intensive practices are taking place.

Investigation projects destined to improve the knowledge on botanical and faunal aspects, in order to provide a suitable management of natural resources. Project on the analysis of the different zones in relation to flora and vegetation of the southern slope of the Cantabrian mountain range. Detailed study on high-mountain pasturelands and the roads accessing these areas.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, geology, geomorphology, glaciology, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, modelling, speleology, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, conservation, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, genetic resources, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, cultural aspects, demography, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indigenous people, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, mining, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, resource use, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Institutional and legal aspects, planning and zoning measures/zonation, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use.

Last updated: 06/06/2006

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