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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   At present the main permanent, ongoing studies relate to meteorological studies. Hydrological studies are opportunistic, such as those pertaining to the improvement of water resources for agriculture use, as are geological studies for aging rocks with paleomagnetism.
Fauna and flora studies are sporadic and conducted at the Lajat by researchers from the University of Damascus and the MLAE. Ornithological studies are opportunistic and presently conducted by visitors from abroad on irregular basis.
Only the UNDP/GEF project (BD/OP1/BD1) of Biodiversity and Protected Areas Conservation that started in 2004 in cooperation with MAAR and MLAE is still functioning. It aims at effective conservation of biodiversity and protects the interests of local communities while supporting the consolidation of an enabling environment that will facilitate replication throughout the country.
The Syrian Department of Archaeology continue to undertake several studies at Sweida and its environs.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, erosion, geology, geomorphology, global change, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, pollution, pollutants, soil, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, arid/semi-arid, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, fauna, flora, forest systems, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mediterranean type/scherophyll, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, archaeology/paleontology, capacity building, control and monitoring of illegal activities, cottage industry/artisanal industry, demography, economic studies, economically important species, firewood cutting/harvesting, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, monitoring methodologies, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities.

Last updated: 12/08/2009

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