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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   Zones have been selected and determined since they include important habitats and species significant for conservation and biodiversity purposes and which are important at a regional and national basis, they have less social and physical pressures, they do not have conservation problems, they carry a common conservation value for a participatory management, they can pioneer in economic development, and they can provide planned utilization in specific areas, which may meet the management targets and provide a legal status by taking into consideration existing laws.

Flora; Fauna; Socio-economic status; Establishment of a model for socio-economic monitoring; Biodiversity monitoring program (Quality of alpine zones in selected areas; Meadows supporting wildlife populations; Quality of sub-alpine meadows in selected zones; Number of alpine meadows hosting Caucasian black grouse (Tetrao mlokosiewiczi); Distribution of Natural Old Forests; Pure Caucasus bee race).
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, erosion, groundwater, hydrology, indicators, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, biodiversity, biogeography, birds, boreal forest, conservation, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, evapotranspiration, fauna, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, lichens, mammals, migrating populations/migration, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, sub-tropical and temperate rainforest/sub-tropical forest, taxonomy, temperate forest, temperate grassland, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, human migration/population exodus, local participation, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Conflict, geographic information system/gis, indicators, infrastructure, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, remote sensing, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers.

Last updated: 10/04/2006

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