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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  Brief description   Collection of weather information with a meteorological station.
Geological study and geomorphology of islands.
Monitoring of sea water temperature.
Identification, description and mapping of plant species in the islands.
Ecological and biological research survey on important plant species : Draceana cinnabari, Dendrosicyos socotranus…(density, regeneration, vigour…).
Eradication of alien’s tree and animal species : Proposis juliflora trees and the introduced indian crow.
Terrestrial and marine survey and monitoring: mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, and turtles.
Production and distribution to local people of agroforestry and endemic tree species: tamarind, papaya…
Socotra home gardens survey: identification of cultivated products, agricultural problems, solutions and recommendations.
Creation of a manual for traditional land use practices.
Demography and social structure survey of islands.
Livestock and rangeland management issues: restructuration of the transhumance grazing system, study of impacts of rangeland activities on vegetation changes.
Development of ecotourism management plan for Socotra Island: inventory of possible areas for campsites, beaches, historical and natural sites ; monitoring of the tourism impact on biodiversity conservation, traditional land use and cultural land heritage.
Nutritional health improvement by providing technical assistance to local women to develop village-based agriculture and processing techniques for livestock products.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Air temperature, climate, geology, geomorphology, meteorology, water quality/chemistry.
  Biodiversity   Alien/Invasive/Exotic/Introduced species, arid/semi-arid, biology, birds, coastal/marine, conservation, ecology, endemic species, fishes, flora, freshwater/inland water, home gardens, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lagoon systems, mammals, mangrove, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, plants, reptiles, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, cultural aspects, demography, fishery/fisheries, human health, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, monitoring methodologies, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, resource use, role of women/gender, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, environmental change, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, land use/land cover, management issues, mapping, rural systems, transboundary/transfrontiers.

Last updated: 08/06/2004

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