|This Best Practice is one of
Best Practices for Human Settlements
presented in the MOST Clearing House
Best Practices Database.
A participative design method for structure modification of dwellings based on the tight relation between architect and the family-customer by means of a detailed study of the place and inquiries among the members of the family using psychoanalysis technics.
According to statistics about 60/80 % of dwellings are modified or reformed during the
useful life, usually without the proper technical assistance resulting unfavorable
solutions which demonstrates the need to involve an architect in the social context where
these facts are taking place. In order to succeed, it is unavoidable to change the mind of
the professionals whose formation does not includes this type of service. The method is
applied in Cuba following two stages:
The experience of about two years shows that 4500 family-customers received the
assistance of the Groups and all were pleased with results. 143 architects and engineers
are working in 37 offices. The action of the Group of Architects helped to decrease the
preassure upon local authorities by those families with housing problems. The Method helps
benefitiaries to feel themselves as acting parties instead of receptioning ideas and
opinions from others. By means of the strong communication Architect/Family-Customer it is
possible to avoid mistakes when projecting or remodeling dwellings. The best solution with
the minimum costs is always found.
l. The project is applied all over the country and about 5,000 families were benefited up to date.
2. Once the Groups acquires experience they become self reliant.
3. The success is showed in the satisfaction of the families, the increasing demand and the self satisfaction of architects that finds the activity useful and creative.
HABITAT-CUBA - Society for Housing and Urbanism
CIMADE, Service oecumenique d'entraide Paris, France
Memorial Center "Martin Luther King Jr." Havana City, Cuba
National Housing Institute
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