UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
You are in the MOST Phase I website (1994-2003).
The MOST Phase II website is available at: www.unesco.org/shs/most.

MOST Clearing House Linguistic Rights

Links and Resources




UNESCO MOST Policy on Linguistic Rights


International Legal Instruments


Major Non-Governmental Documents


National Constitutions





There are numerous research institutions, international organizations, networks, foundations, NGOs, and databases that provide valuable information on linguistic rights or minorities worldwide. 

UNESCO's MOST Programme has included annotated links to the more prominent of these valuable resources. These offer access to a vast amount of documents on language rights, language legislation, and linguistic minorities. 

Linguistic Rights and Legislation

L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde  http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/
Maintained by sociolinguist Jacques Leclerc, this site gathers legislative information concerning languages for 229 states and autonomous territories spread over 134 countries. Offers a wide range of search options including by language, linguistic policy or theme. Extensive country information and a comprehensive consideration of linguistic issues makes this a leading site for language policy.

Centre for Multilingual, Multicultural Research
Wide collection of sites and full text articles concerning language policy and language rights. Includes US policy documents, articles and reports concerning language policy and linguistic rights around the world, and numerous articles and papers on the debate over 'English Only' in the USA.

Centre Internacional Escarré per a les
Minories Ètniques i Nacionals
This Centre for Ethnic Minorities and Nations, among other things, publishes a journal on the national question in Europe entitled Europa de les Nacions and a newsletter on laws, bills, political and legal doctrines and bibliography concerning languages.

European Bureau for Lesser Used Languages 
Provides general information about linguistic communities in the European Union. The Bureau's purpose is to promote and defend the regional or minority languages of the countries of the European Union and the linguistic rights of those who speak these languages. Its website also contains information on linguistic rights developments in the EU.

International Organization for Migration
An intergovernmental body, the IOM operates a database on migration legislation which covers citizenship and for some States language laws.

Language Futures Europe
Valuable site which considers language policy in Europe and brings together a collection of resources including texts, articles, essays and news. Also provides information on relevant institutes and organizations and includes a special section on monolingualism in the USA.

Linguapax is a UNESCO initiative that aims to promote a culture of peace through the promotion of multilingual education and respect for linguistic diversity. This site provides links to numerous sites of interest as well as the full text of numerous papers from the 2002 World Congress on Language Policies.

MERCATOR Education 
The MERCATOR Project was set up by the European Commission to promote the interests of the minority/regional languages and cultures within the European Union. This site information, documentation and research into regional or minority languages in education.

MERCATOR Legislation
The MERCATOR Project was set up by the European Commission to promote the interests of the minority/regional languages and cultures within the European Union. This site includes a very valuable database on legal and/or normative documents that build up the European linguistic frame, specially from the European Union institutions and languages, as well as other information on European languages and events.

The MERCATOR Project was set up by the European Commission to promote the interests of the minority/regional languages and cultures within the European Union. The MERCATOR Media site contains overviews of territorial minority languages in the European Union, of the media of, and links to related pages and newsgroups.

Report on the Linguistic Rights of Persons Belonging to National Minorities in the OSCE Area
This report presents the results of a survey of OSCE state policies regarding linguistic rights, which was conducted on the recommendation of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities

International, nonprofit organization concerned about the future of the world's cultural and biological diversity. Aims are preserving the world's linguistic diversity and investigating connections between biological and cultural diversity. Includes sections on linguistic human rights in education and extensive links and information on language diversity and endangered languages.

Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights
Site maintained by the Follow-up Committee for the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights. Contains the text of the Declaration in 10 languages, as well as links to information on various languages and other sources of information.

General Minority and
Indigenous Languages Resources

Center for Studies of Multilingualism in the Multicultural Society operating from the Universiteit van Tilburg, Netherlands. Promotes study on multilingualism and use of home languages in education.

CouncilNet is a World Wide Web based network for organizations representing the less commonly taught languages (LCTLs) in the United States. More specifically, this website is designed to address the communication and information needs of the members of the National Council of Organizations of Less Commonly Taught Languages, as well as those of other organizations, institutions, and individuals interested in the teaching and learning of the LCTLs in the United States.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
Operated by the Center for Applied Linguistics (USA), this site provides a wide range of resources in areas including English as a second or foreign language, bilingualism and bilingual education, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, intercultural communication and cultural education.

Invaluable database of more than 6,700 languages according to language groups, language and country provided by the Summer Institute of Linguistics.

European minority languages
This page provides information on minority languages in Europe, organised according to language families and languages. It also provides links to linguistic sources of information minority languages worldwide.

Personal website that aims to increase knowledge of minority and local languages. Provides extensive information about minority languages as well as maps and alternative place names.

International Clearing House for Endangered Languages
Located at the Department of Asian and Pacific Linguistics, Institute of Cross-Cultural Studies, Faculty of Letters, University of Tokyo. Provides information on events, links and minority and endangered languages, including a database on minority languages in Russia. It also has links to the UNESCO Red Book of Endangered Languages for Asia and Pacific, Africa, Europe and Northeast Asia.

Less Commonly Taught Languages Project
The University of Minnesota's Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition maintains a list of links to World Wide Web sites which are good resources for language and culture information. 

Linguistic Minority Research Institute 

Operating from the University of California, the Linguistic Minority Research Institute conducts research, dissemination and professional development activities that promote the understanding and improvement of language minority students in schools, focusing on language, education and public policy as they relate to linguistic minorities.

Research Centre on Multilingualism
A centre for international coordination for language contact researchers based at Katholieke Universiteit Brussel.

SIL International Linguistic Resources
Maintained by SIL International, this site provides a comprehensive list of linguistics sources available on the Internet. Organised by subject, it includes sites on speech and phonetics, grammar and syntax, lexicography and text analysis as well as sites on languages and language families and a small section on language rights and policy.

Stichting VADA
Foundation for Immigrants by Immigrants
The VADA Foundation seeks to encourage the integration of immigrants into the Dutch society by familiarizing them with the use of computers. VADA also supplies information on issues such as etnic minorities in the Netherlands and in other countries, religions, peoples and cultures.

Yamada Language Center
Contains language related links, newsgroups and mailing lists.

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