UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
 
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MOST Clearing House Linguistic Rights

National Constitutions



 
 

Introduction

 

UNESCO MOST Policy on Linguistic Rights

 

International Legal Instruments

 

Major Non-Governmental Documents

 

National Constitutions

 

Bibliography

 

Links

 
 
 
Linguistic Rights are, on the most fundamental level, implemented in national constitutions or constitution acts. To strengthen a comparative perspective in social science research on language conflicts as well as in policy-making, UNESCO's MOST Programme has collected constitutional provisions pertaining to language or linguistic minorities.

The texts of national constitutions were analyzed and reproduced on the basis of the information provided by the International Constitutional Law (ICL) project at the University of Wuerzburg, Germany. In addition, the database contains articles related to linguistic rights as collected by Fernand de Varennes in his publication: de Varennes, Fernand 1996. Language, Minorities and Human Rights. The Hague: Australia: Kluwer Law International. These include official language(s) provisions.

Alphabetical List of Countries with constitutional provisions related to language  

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Djibouti
Dominica
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Jordan
Kazakstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea (People's Democratic Republic)
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Liberia
Libya, Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of)
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Seychelles
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
Togo
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Alphabetical List of Countries without constitutions or constitutional provisions related to linguistic rights 

Angola
Australia
Bhutan
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Dominican Republic
Guinea Bissau
Iceland
Israel
Japan
Korea (Republic of)
Myanmar
Netherlands
San Marino
Sierra Leone
Swaziland
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay

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