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Constitution as adopted on 4 August 1998.

Article 14

    (1) The official language in the Republic of Albania is Albanian.
Article 18
    (2) No one may be unjustly discriminated against for reasons such as gender, race, religion, ethnicity, language, political, religious or philosophical beliefs, economic condition, education, social status, or ancestry.

Article 20

    (1) Persons who belong to national minorities have the right to exercise in full equality before the law the human rights and freedoms.

    (2) They have the right freely to express, preserve and develop their ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity, to study and to be taught in their mother tongue, as well as unite in organizations and societies for the protection of their interests and identity.

Article 28

    (1) Everyone whose liberty has been taken away has the right to be notified immediately, in a language that he understands, of the reasons for this measure, as well as the accusation made against him. Every person whose liberty has been taken away shall be informed that he has no obligation to make a declaration and has the right to communicate immediately with a lawyer, and he shall also be given the possibility to realize his rights.

Article 31

    During a criminal proceeding, everyone has the right:
      c) to have the assistance without payment of a translator, when he does not speak or understand the Albanian language;

Note: The complete text of the Albanian Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Albania are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.

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