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Congo

Constitution as adopted 15 March 1992.

Article 3

    (4) The official language is French.

    (5) The functional national languages are Lingala and Munukutuba.

Article 11

    (1) The State shall assure the equality of all citizens before the law, without discrimination of origin, social or material situation, racial, ethnic and regional origin, sex, instruction, language, attitude vis-avis religion and philosophy, or place of residence. It shall respect all the rights and liberties within limits compatible with public order and good mores.

Article 35

    (1) Citizens shall possess a right to culture and to the respect of their cultural identity. All the communities composing the Congolese Nation shall possess the freedom to use their languages and their own culture without prejudicing those of others.

Article 42

    (1) Every child, without a single discrimination based on race, color, sex, language, religion, national, social or ethnic origin, fortune or birth, shall have the right, on the part of his family, society, and the State to measures of protection which stem from his condition as a minor.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Congo are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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