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Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of)

Constitution as adopted on 17 November 1991.

Article 7

    (1) The Macedonian language, written using its Cyrillic alphabet, is the official language in the Republic of Macedonia.

    (2) In the units of local self-government where the majority of the inhabitants belong to a nationality, in addition to the Macedonian language and Cyrillic alphabet, their language and alphabet are also in official use, in a manner determined by law.

    (3) the units of local self-government where there is a considerable number of inhabitants belonging to a nationality, their language and alphabet are also in official use, in addition to the Macedonian language and Cyrillic alphabet, under conditions and in a manner determined by law.

Article 48

    (2) The Republic guarantees the protection of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of the nationalities.

    (4) Members of the nationalities have the right to instruction in their language in primary and secondary education, as determined by law. In schools where education is carried out in the language of a nationality, the Macedonian language is also studied.

Article 54

    (3) The restriction of freedoms and rights cannot discriminate on grounds of sex, race, color of skin, language, religion, national or social origin, property or social status.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Macedonia are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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