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Malta

Constitution as adopted in 1964.

Article 5

    1. The national language of Malta is the Maltese language.

    2. The Maltese and the English languages and such other languages as may be prescribed by Parliament, by a law passed by not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House of Representatives, shall be the official languages of Malta and the Administration may for all official purposes use any of such languages:

      Provided that any person may address the Administration in any of the official languages and the reply of the Administration thereto shall be in such language.

    3. The language of the courts shall be the Maltese language:

      Provided that Parliament may make such provision for the use of the English language in such cases and under such conditions as it may prescribe.

    4. The House of Representatives may, in regulating its own procedure, determine the language or languages that shall be used in parliamentary proceedings and records.

Article 35

    2. Any person who is arrested or detained shall be informed, at the time of his arrest or detention, in a language that he understands, of the reasons for his arrest or detention:
      Provided that if an interpreter is necessary and is not readily available or if it is otherwise impracticable to comply with the provisions of this subsection at the time of the person's arrest or detention, such provisions shall be complied with as soon as practicable.

Article 75

    Save as otherwise provided by Parliament, every law shall be enacted in both the Maltese and English languages and, if there is any conflict between the Maltese and the English texts of any law, the Maltese text shall prevail.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Malta are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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