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Micronesia (Federated States of)

Constitution as adopted on 12 July 1978.

Article IV

Section 4

    Equal protection of the laws may not be denied or impaired on account of sex, race, ancestry, national origin, language, or social status.

Article IX

Section 9

    A person is ineligible to be a member of Congress unless he is at least 30 years of age on the day of election and has been a citizen of the Federated States of Micronesia for at least 15 years, and a resident of the state from which he is elected for at least 5 years. A person convicted of a felony by a state or national government court is ineligible to be a member of Congress. The Congress may modify this provision or prescribe additional qualifications; knowledge of the English language may not be a qualification.

Section 10

    At least every 10 years Congress shall reapportion itself. A state is entitled to at least one member of Congress on the basis of population in addition to the member elected at large. A state shall apportion itself by law into single member congressional districts. Each district shall be approximately equal in population after giving due regard to language, cultural, and geographic differences.

Section 19

    The Congress shall keep and publish a journal of its proceedings. A roll call vote entered on the journal shall be taken at the request of 115 of the members present. Legislative proceedings shall be conducted in the English language. A member may use his own language if not fluent in English, and Congress shall provide translation.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution of Micronesia can be found at the Constitution Finder Project operated by the T.C. Williams School of Law at the University of Richmond.

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